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Tuesday, February 27, 2024

Lactose Intolerance: The Management of Dairy Sensitivity

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This is a disorder that is common among people whereby their digestive systems are not capable of breaking down the sugar lactose which is found in milk and dairy products. This condition comes about as a result of lack of the enzyme lactase whose function is to break down lactose into glucose and galactose in the small intestines. The management process of lactose intolerance includes making dietary changes and knowing what an individual can tolerate.


Lactose intolerance is caused by a shortage of lactase. It can be described as:

  • Primary Lactose Intolerance: This happens over a long period of time, often during teenage years or adulthood, and it is more prevalent in some human races.
  • Secondary Lactose Intolerance: The condition results from an injury or illness that affects the small intestines leading to diseases like celiac disease, gastroenteritis or chemotherapy.


Common manifestations of lactose intolerance include:

  • Bloating and Gas: Digested lactose in the colon can cause this gas to be produced.
  • Diarrhea: This would mean that not all food is digested properly leading to water being drawn into the Colon and diarrhea occurs.
  • Abdominal Pain: Discomfort or cramping in the region of the abdomen.
  • Nausea: Occasionally, people may feel nauseous following a consumption of lactose-containing products.

Managing Lactose Intolerance:

Dietary Adjustments:

Lactose-Free Products: Most supermarkets will have milk, yoghurt and other dairy products without lactose in them.

Hard Cheeses: Cheddar, Swiss cheese are examples of hard cheeses that contain less amounts of lactose.

Lactase Supplements: There are over-the-counter drugs which are known as lactase supplements and help digesting lactose better than before.

Gradual Introduction:

Some people may benefit from gradually increasing small amounts of dairy in their diet with time for them to build some degree of tolerance.

Yogurt with Probiotics:

Yoghurt contains probiotics that improve digestion of lactose thus may be tolerated more easily.

Lactose-Reduced Milk:

There is also milk with reduced or without any amount of sugar making it a good substitute for the above stated type.

Reading Labels:

Checking food labels meticulously so as to find hidden sources of processed foods containing lactose.

Monitoring Individual Tolerance:

Recognizing personal thresholds and adjusting one’s eating plan accordingly.

Seeking Professional Guidance:

A Gastroenterologist in Lahore or registered dietitian should be consulted to get specific guidance. They may also carry out tests to substantiate the fact that they have lactose intolerance, and give them proper treatment information.

Potential Nutrient Concerns:

Dairy products may be associated with calcium and vitamin d intake if consuming is reduced lower values of both nutrients will occur. It is better to search for other sources or include supplements in the diet so that a person’ ones overall health of bones remains balanced as well.


Lactose intolerance management encompasses knowing the tolerance limit, dietary changes and use of lactase-free substitutes. Professional advice promotes balanced nutrition and identifies possible nutrient risks. However, with appropriate strategies individuals affected by lactose intolerance can have a healthy and comfortable life. In case you require more assistance, then go to a Gastroenterologist in Islamabad.

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